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CBD Glossary

A

2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)

This endocannabinoid is formed from omega-6 fatty acid and is the primary endogenous ligand for the CB2 receptor and endogenous agonist for the CB1 receptor.


Aeroponics 

A process used to grow hemp in which the nutrients are supplied to the plant through a fine consistent mist. This process helps to avoid problems such as root-rot.


Agitation

When used in reference to cannabis, Agitation is the process in which leaves of the hemp plant are brought to a low temperature so trichomes can be broken off through physical contact.


Agricultural Hemp

Industrial hemp is used in a variety of different industrial applications including the production of CBD. Hemp is of the Cannabis Sativa species and contains very low concentrations of THC and high concentrations of cannabidiol, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds.


Alcohol Extraction

A process in which alcohol is used as the primary solvent when extracting the beneficial compounds from raw industrial hemp plants.


Anandamide 

Also known as N-arachidonoylethanolamine, this fatty-acid neurotransmitter is categorized as an endocannabinoid and is a potent agonist for the CB1 receptor.


Auto-Buddering

When “shatter” style concentrates are kept at too high of a temperature and the ingredients blend together to become a butter-like consistency.


B

Backcross

A simple, long practiced method of breeding specific plants to allow desirable genetics to be passed onto future generations.


Bioavailability

Refers to the amount of a particular substance that is in your bloodstream and accessible for your body to use.


Black Market

An illegal, ungoverned market. Products that don't meet the high standards put in place by the federal government are sometimes sold illegally on the black market.


Blunt

A method of smoking marijuana or hemp flower that involves wrapping dried and crushed flowers in a wrap that is traditionally made out of tobacco and often flavored.


Bong

An apparatus used for smoking marijuana, hemp flower, and occasionally tobacco. A bong is a water pipe that is shaped much like a vase and allows the smoke to be cooled and filtered by passing through water.

 

Bowl

In the context of cannabis a “bowl” refers to the part of a pipe or bong that one fills with marijana or hemp flowers that they intend to smoke.


Broad Spectrum

A type of hemp extract that is rich in terpenes, amino acids, and cannabidiol but does not contain any THC.


Bubbler

Similar to the bong, a bubbler is a type of water pipe but tends to be smaller than a bong and lacks the large air chambers often found on bongs. Bubblers can be thought of as a cross between a bong and a pipe.


Bud

A popular slang term that refers to the fully-mature flowers of hemp and marijuana plants.


Butane

A highly flammable gas alkane that is commonly used in industrial applications. Butane is also commonly used in CBD extraction processes. 


C

Cannabichromene (CBC)

A powerful but often overlooked cannabinoid that has been shown to have antimicrobial properties and is present in most hemp extracts.


Cannabidiol (CBD)

A highly active cannabinoid found in the hemp plant that indirectly interfaces with the endocannabinoid system and promotes homeostasis in the human body.


Cannabigerol (CBG)

A cannabinoid found in the hemp plant that is believed to interact directly with both the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system.


Cannabinoids

A group of powerful compounds that have anti-inflammatory properties and are found in the hemp plant and in the human body.


Cannabinol (CBN)

Found only in very low concentrations in cannabis and higher concentrations in marijuana, canabinol is a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid.


Cannabis

A plant family with a number of different species including both hemp and marijuana. Many of the plants in this family have very different chemical makeups.


Capsule

A small container used to carry and deliver substances to the body. CBD capsules are often made of either pectin or gelatine.


CB1 Receptor

An endocannabinoid receptor that is typically found on nerves in the brain and spine and acts as voltage-sensitive calcium inhibitors.


CB2 Receptor

An endocannabinoid receptor that is typically found in the central peripheral nervous system and interacts with the immune system.


Certificate of Analysis

A certificate that confirms that a CBD product has been thoroughly analyzed at a qualified third-party laboratory. 


Chlorophyll

A group of related pigments that give plants their beautiful green color. This compound plays an essential role in photosynthesis.


Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency (C.E.D)

A theory that proposes the idea that some people don't produce enough endocannabinoids.


Clone

A plant that has been grown from the trimmings from another and maintains the same genetics as the plant it was cut from.


Closed Loop Extraction

A method in which concentrates and extracts are made by forcing butane through the raw hemp plant in a closed container that cycles the butane through the plant multiple times with a closed-loop system.


Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

An odorless gas that contains one carbon and two oxygen molecules. This highly combustible gas is often used to create hemp extracts.


CO2 Extracted

Is regarded as the cleanest and most efficient way of creating hemp extracts. In this method of extraction co2 is forced through the raw hemp plant and transfers all of the desirable compounds to the resulting extract without leaving any harsh residue.


Combustion

A reactionary process in which elements are excited and as a result their heat increases. Combustion can be thought of as the act of burning something such as marijuana or hemp flowers.


Concentrates

Products made from the hemp plant that contain a select variety of compounds in high concentrations. 


Convection

A process in which a substance such as marijuana or hemp is heated indirectly through surrounding air and kept below the point of combustion. This is a method of vaping.


Co-op

When a group of people cooperate in working towards a specific beneficial goal such as growing hemp. This also refers to a place in which multiple medical or recreational marijuana users offer and marijuana in exchange for donations.


Cotton-Mouth

An unpleasant side-effect commonly experienced after smoking marijuana that leaves the user with an insatiably dry, sticky feeling in their mouth.


Crossbreeding 

The process in which two different plant strains are bred together to allow their desirable genetic traits to be passed down to their offspring.


Crystals

In the context of cannabis crystals refer to the trichomes found on hemp and marijuana plants.


Cultivation

Is the act of preparing land and growing plants. When one says they are cultivating hemp, it simply means that they are growing hemp in a thoughtful way.


Cultivator

One who grows and breeds hemp or cannabis. This can refer to a single farmer or an entire organization.


Cure

The process in which marijuana or hemp flowers are properly stored, dried and aged. This process is an art and requires an experienced hand and regular maintenance to get right.


D

Dab(Dabbing)

A method of smoking concentrates. Traditionally a nail is used to scoop up a serving of hemp or marijuana concentrate and touch it to a small, hot skillet that is attached to a smoking apparatus.


Dank

A popular slang term used to describe a particularly aromatic and desirable marijuana or hemp flower.


Decarboxylation

A method in which marijuana or hemp is heated to a temperature that releases their carboxyl group. In marijuana this converts THCA to THC and in hemp it converts CBDA to CBD. This helps to activate these remarkable compounds.


Delivery Method

The method in which a compound is delivered to the body. Vapes, edibles, and topicals can all be thought of as different delivery methods.


Dewaxing

Creating a cleaner, more pure concentrate by removing all of the fats and lipids. There are a number of different methods to accomplish this.


Diffuser

Part of a bong’s downstem that has multiple holes that the smoke must pass through before being filtered by the water and inhaled by the user.


Dispensary

Brick and mortar stores that sell legal marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes are often referred to as dispensaries.


Dome 

An essential part of a dabbing rig. This is a small glass dome that sits atop the nail of a dab rig and helps to capture residual vapor.


Dose

The amount or concentration of cannabis or hemp extracts that someone takes. “Serving size” is another way to think of this.


Downstem

Part of the bong that allows smoke to run from the bowl to the base where it must pass through water before it is inhaled. Downstems are often a moving part and allow the user to clear the bong of any remaining smoke.


Dronabinol (Marinol) 

An FDA approved medication that contains synthetic THC and is used for a variety of medical purposes.


E

Edible

A food product that is infused with either cannabis or hemp oil. Edibles are one of the most popular ways for people to access the benefits of CBD.


Eicosanoids

Signaling molecules that are an important class of fatty acid. There are three different types of eicosanoids- leukotrienes, prostaglandins, and thromboxanes.


Electronic Vaping Device

An device used to atomize CBD e-liquid into an enjoyable vapor that is inhaled and provides users with various beneficial compounds


E-liquid

A combination of flavors, compounds, and carrier liquids that are specifically formulated to be easily and fully atomized in electronic vape devices.


Endocannabinoid Enzymes

A protein created in the body that helps endocannabinoids to break down after they have fulfilled their purpose.


Endocannabinoid Receptor

There are two types of endocannabinoid receptors- CB1 and CB2. These receptors bind to endocannabinoids and help to send signals through the body.


Endocannabinoid System

An incredibly complex system of endogenous lipid-based neurotransmitters that bind to CB1 and CBD2 receptors in the body and play a large role in a multitude of different essential biological functions.


Entourage Effect

Scientists believe that when terpenes, amino acids, cannabidiol, and THC are ingested together they work together to become more powerful than they would each be on their own.


Ethanol

A simple alcohol that is often used in industrial applications and commonly used to extract compounds from the hemp plant.


Ethanol Extraction

An extraction method in which ethanol is the main solvent utilized to transfer desirable compounds from raw industrial hemp to the resulting extract.


Extraction

The process in which desirable compounds are extracted from the hemp plant. Various different extraction techniques are utilized but the three most common are butane, ethanol, and co2 solvent-based extraction methods.


F

Farm Bill 

Also known as the Agriculture Improvement act of 2018 this bill legalized the use of hemp and CBD products containing 0.3% THC or less.


Fatty

A popular slang term used to describe a particularly large joint or blunt rolled with either ground marijuana or hemp flowers.


Fatty-Acid

A carboxylic acid that is an essential component in plant lipids and cell membranes. Fatty acids are an important component in your blood and provide numerous benefits to cells when in the proper proportions.


FDA

An abbreviation for the Federal Drug Administration. This is the branch of government that regulates hemp and marijuana production, use, and sale.


Feminized

Refers to seeds that have been genetically modified to produce only female plants. This type of genetic modification is often used to ensure a crop of female-only marijuana plants.


Flower

Refers to the fully bloomed nodes of hemp or marijuana plants. These flowers are also commonly referred to as “buds”.


Flowering Time

The amount of time in which it takes for a marijuana or hemp plant to start producing flowers or “buds”. Flowering time is also commonly referred to as “budding time”.


Full-Melt

A type of marijuana or hemp concentrate that melts fully when a flame is held to it. Full-melt concentrates are generally regarded as a top-tier product.


Full Spectrum

Refers to a type of hemp extract that contains terpenes, amino acids, cannabidiol (CBD), and trace amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol(THC).


G

Ganja

A commonly used slang term for marijuana. This term was popularized in the late 1960’s and remains in use today.


Germination

Refers to the stage at which a seed turns into a plant. Germinating a seed is the first step to growing a plant.


Glass 

A specific type of marijuana or hemp concentrate that is quite hard and resembles glass. This is generally regarded as a high-quality concentrate.


Grinders

A device that is typically enclosed and used to pulverize marijuana or hemp flowers to make them easier to smoke, vaporize or cook with. 


H

Hash

A slang term for a traditional form of marijuana concentrate. There are various types or hash and a multitude of techniques to make it.


Heirloom

A strain of hemp or marijuana that has been passed down and carries the same genetic make up as the plants that came generations before it.


Hemp

A type of Cannabis Sativa plant that contains less than 0.3% THC and is used both to create CBD oil and in a multitude of industrial applications. Humans have been utilizing hemp for a variety of different purposes for over 6,000 years.


Hemp Extracts

Oil that contains a variety of beneficial compounds and is typically extracted from the hemp plant by using solvent based techniques.


Hemp Seed Oil

Oil that is extracted directly from hemp seeds as opposed to being extracted from fully mature hemp plants.


Homeostasis

The body's natural tendency towards a point of relative biological equilibrium. It is believed that cannabidiol helps to encourage homeostasis in the human body.


Homogeneity

A state of all being the same. This is easily understood by considering a box of q-tips sitting on the table. All of the q-tips are the same look, shape, chemical makeup and are all sitting still.


Hybrid

When two or more species are bred together to create a plant or animal that contains genetics from both contributing parents. This term is often used in the context of marijuana and describes a plant that is part sativa and part indica.


Hydrocarbon

An organic compound that consists of hydrogen and carbon molecules. Hydrocarbons are commonly used to manufacture hemp extracts.


Hydrocarbon Extraction

A process in which hydrocarbons such as propane or ethanol are used to transfer desirable compounds from a raw hemp plant to an extract oil.


Hydroponics

A popular farming technique used to grow plants without the use of soil. This allows nutrients to be more readily available to the plant, cuts down on ecological impact, and saves a fair bit of water through recycling processes.


I

Indica

A shortened name for Cannabis Indica- a species of marijuana believed to originate in the middle east. Cannabis Indica plants are typically short and a bit bushy compared to their cousin Cannabis Sativa.


Industrial Hemp

Hemp plants that are grown on an industrial level for various products and contain 0.3% THC or less.


Isolate

In the context of CBD this refers to a hemp extract that doesn't have any terpenes, amino acids, or THC and is instead composed of 99.9% pure cannabidiol.


Isopropyl Alcohol

A simple secondary alcohol that is an isopropyl group linked to a hydroxyl group. This alcohol has a potent aroma, is highly flammable and often used to create hemp extracts.


J

Joint

A popular slang term that refers to a hand-rolled marijuana or hemp cigarette. This is one of the most commonly used methods of smoking marijuana.


K

Kief

The trichomes that have been removed from a marijuana plant and collected for the purpose of smoking or cooking. Kief resembles a very fine, light-green powder.


Kush

A strain of marijuana that originates from the Kush mountains in India. Kush is generally regarded as a highly potent strain.


L

Landrace

A species of marijuana or hemp that grew in isolation in a specific location and thrives in that specific part of the world. Landrace species typically have unique genetics and are highly sought after strains.


Licensed Facility

A qualified facility that has a government issued license to test hemp products for purity and potency and to ensure that there are no toxins present. This helps to ensure the safety of those who use manufactured CBD products.


Low-temp Dab/Vape

A vaporizer that is optimized for concentrates and oils that require a lower temperature to be vaporized efficiently.


M

Marijuana

A psychoactive, resinous cannabis sativa or cannabis indica plant that is rich in THC. Dried cannabis flowers are commonly smoked or vaporized by users seeking to experience their psychoactive effects. Marijuana has many slang terms such as ganja, mary jane, cheeba, lechuga del diablo etc.


Microdosing

Taking a very small serving of a compound such as CBD or THC. Microdosing was popularized by marijuana users as a way to benefit from cannabis without getting high. Now those benefits can be experienced through the use of CBD without any perry of psychoactive effects.


Micron

A unit of measurement typically used to describe the filter size of screens used to filter trichomes from ground hemp or marijuana flowers and the filters used to make various concentrates.


Mota

A common spanish slang term for marijuana. This term was popularized in Mexico and is now commonly used in the United States as well.


N

Nail

Traditionally Dabs were taken by scooping concentrate onto the tip of a nail and touching it to a hot skillet. In the context of dabbing “nail” can refer to whatever device utilized to complete this function.


Non-intoxicating 

A substance that does not elicit any sort of intoxicating effect. Non-intoxicating substances will not make the user feel “high”, drunk, inebriated or intoxicated in any way. 


Non-psychoactive

A substance that will not elicit any sort of psychoactive reaction. Non-psychoactive substances do not alter your mental state in any way and do not make the user feel “high”.


Nutraceutical

A natural alternative to pharmaceuticals. These are in the same category as dietary supplements in the eyes of the FDA. Nutraceuticals often claim physiological benefits.


O

OG

This term has its origins in gang slang and stands for “Original Gangster”. OG is now more commonly used to refer to specific high-potency strains of marijuana. CBD companies often emulate this flavor in their non-intoxicating products.


Oil

Often used in reference to CBD oils, this word is used in reference to hash oil, broad spectrum oil, full spectrum oil, and isolate oils. When talking about oils it is important to specify which one you are talking about.

 

One-hitter

A small smoking device that is designed specifically to fit just enough hemp or marijuana to take a single puff. These are often small and appreciated for their discretion.


Organic

We all love to hear the word organic. Organic is when there are no chemicals used to grow a plant. Organic hemp is highly desirable.


P

Percolator

A special chamber in bongs that helps to cool the smoke by forcing it to pass through various chambers. These are typically found in high-end bongs.


Pharmacokinetics

The study of the movement of drugs through the human body. This branch of pharmacology is essential to understanding and quantifying the benefits of cannabidiol, terpenes, and other powerful compounds.


Phenotype

The specific traits of a plant's genetics that its environment has an effect on. Smells, tastes, colors, plant shape, and a variety of other characteristics are all affected by a plant's environment.


Phytocannabinoid

A variety of powerful compounds that exist in the hemp plant- cannabidiol and THC are both considered phytocannabinoids.


Pipe

A smoking device that typically consists of a stem to draw smoke attached to a bowl to fill with the dried plant you intend to smoke. These devices have been used since 2000BC and the earliest smoking pipes were discovered in egypt.


Pistil

The sex organ of a female hemp or cannabis plant. These are small hairs protruding from the flower.


Plant Sterol

A powerful compound present in plants such as hemp. Plant sterol helps to block the body from absorbing high amounts of cholesterol. CBD oil is rich in plant sterol.


Pot 

This is quite possibly the most popular of all slang terms for marijuana. The term pot was popularized in the late 1930s and is still commonly used today.


Potency

Refers to the concentration of compounds. A 2ml serving of 150mg CBD would be less potent than a 2ml serving of 300mg CBD.


Pre-roll

A marijuana or hemp joint that is pre-rolled by the manufacturer and ready for use right out of the package.


Propane

A highly combustible hydrocarbon that is commonly used to extract desirable compounds from the hemp plant.


Propylene Glycol

A colorless, odorless liquid commonly used in food additives and various industrial settings. Propylene Glycol is often used in combination with vegetable glycerin to formulate e liquids.


Psychoactive

A compound that has psychoactive properties will alter your mental state and is liable to elicit a feeling of being “high” or even psychedelic experiences. Marijuana is a psychoactive plant due to its high concentration of THC. Hemp used to create CBD oil is non-psychoactive.


Purging

A high-temperature process used to remove any residual solvents from CBD oils after the extraction process has been completed.


Q

Q-tip

A small plastic stick with small cotton swabs fixed to either end. These are often used to clean pipes, bongs, vaporizers and other hemp related devices.


R

Recreational

For non-medical use. When you do something for the sake of enjoyment rather than doing it for a specific gain or medical benefit.


Residual

In the context of hemp extracts this refers to the residue that remains after the extraction process is complete. If residual solvents or pesticides exist in an extract oil they are removed via distillation processes.


Resin

Refers to both the residue left in a pipe or bong after smoking, and the natural sticky substance on the buds of hemp and marijuana plants.


Retailer

One who buys products at wholesale prices and sells them to the general public at a higher price for financial gain. Your local grocery stores, clothing stores, and online CBD stores are all retailers.


Route of Administration

The way in which you allow a compound to enter the bloodstream. Vaping, edibles, and topicals are all considered different routes of administration.


Ruderalis

A plant that is able to grow whether it is in the proper environment or not. A plant that survives in places aside from its native ecosystem.


S

Salve

A soothing ointment that is rich in compounds used to treat dry discomforted skin. Salves are a combination of oils and wax.


Sativa

A shortened way of referring to cannabis sativa- a highly psychoactive resinous plant that is rich has a high concentration of THC.


Schedule 1

A federal classification for specific types of substances, their legality, and the penalties associated with their use or sale. Schedule 1 substances are illegal because of their potential for dependence. 

 

Seed-to-Shelf

When a manufacturer executes every aspect of production from the time the seeds are planted in the ground to the time the completed high-grade CBD hits the shelf.


Shatter

A type of hemp or marijuana concentrate that is very hard and incredibly pure. If you put shatter in the freezer it makes it more brittle and can be shattered like glass.


Schwag

A commonly used slang term for sub-standard marijuana. When something is referred to as schwag it can be assumed that it is not high-quality.


Skunk

A term used to describe the potent and unique smell of hemp and marijuana. There are multiple marijuana strains with the word skunk in their name.


Solvent

A substance, typically chemical, used to dissolve another substance. Common solvents used for hemp extractions include: butane, propane, isopropyl alcohol and more.


Spliff

A joint that is rolled with both marijuana and tobacco. Spliffs are a method of smoking that are very popular. Due to the fact that this combines the addictive aspect of tobacco and the psychoactive effects of marijuana, spliffs are also referred to as “hippy crack” in the U.S.


Strain

Refers to a unique breed of hemp or marijuana. Trainwreck OG, and Pineapple Express are different “strains” of marijuana. Many CBD manufacturers use proprietary strains to create unique hemp extracts and products.


Sublingual

Means below the tongue. There are many CBD products that are sublingual and are meant to be put under your tongue to be more readily absorbed.


Synthetic Cannabis

A type of laboratory produced plant whose compounds mimic and resemble those of an actual cannabis plant. Synthetic cannabis has been widely scrutinized for its potential dangers and documented incidents.


T

Terpene 

A powerful compound that exists in every plant in nature. Terpenes are responsible for the olfactory profile of hemp, provide a variety of benefits to humans, and act as a defense mechanism for plants.


Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

The psychoactive compound found in high concentrations in marijuana that is responsible for making users feel “high”. Industrial hemp plants used to make CBD contain less than 0.3THC.


Tincture

A plant extract such as CBD that is typically packaged in a small glass container and is meant to provide the user with beneficial compounds.


Topical

A combination of creams and ils that is meant for use on the skin and provides the user with beneficial compounds through the process of transdermal absorption.


Transdermal

The action in which compounds soak through the skin and eventually make their way into the bloodstream where they become bioavailable.


Trichome

Small glass-like hairs that grow from plants. Trichomes are present on both marijuana and hemp plants and contain a variety of desirable compounds.


Trim

Refers to the leaves that are left over after harvesting the more desirable flowers from hemp and marijuana plants. Trim can be used for a variety of different things such as making extracts and edibles.


U-


V

Vape Juice

Hemp extract oil that is specifically formulated for use in electronic vaping devices. CBD vape juices typically contain compound rich hemp extract oil suspended in carrier oils such as propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin.


Vape Pen

An electronic device used for vaporizing CBD vape juice. Vape pens often don't require maintenance or charging and can be disposed of after use.


Vaping

The act of atomizing CBD to create a cloud of vapor that is rich with beneficial compounds. This method of CBD use offers rapid bioavailability and is a great option for those who need to feel the effects of CBD fast.


Vaporize (Vape)

When a substance is heated below the point of combustion and instead of producing smoke produces vapor. This happens at very specific temperatures that are relative to the density of the oil and a variety of other contributing factors. Vaporizing is less likely to destroy beneficial compounds than smoking.


Vegetable Glycerin

A colorless odorless liquid that is extracted from plants and used for a variety of industrial purposes. Vegetable glycerin is often used in combination with propylene glycol to formulate vape juices.


Vegetative State

The stage of the growth cycle where the hemp plant continues to grow but does not yet produce buds. This is typically in the middle of the growing cycle and is affected by the duration of time in which the plant is exposed to light.


Vitamin E 

Also known as alpha-tocopherol, a fat-soluble vitamin important for normal cell growth and function; found in vegetable oils, egg yolk, and our CBDfx™ products.


W

Wax

A potent form of hemp or marijuana concentrate whose consistency resembles that of wax. These types of concentrates are highly sought after and regarded as highly potent.


Weed

An incredibly popular slang term for marijuana. The term weed was popularized in the late 1930s and is still one of the most commonly used ways to refer to marijuana.


Whole-Plant Extraction

These types of extracts are made using every part of the hemp plant including the buds, leaves, and stems. Whole-plant extractions are very efficient in capturing all of the desirable compounds from the hemp plant.


Winterization

This process utilizes ethanol and other solvents combined with extremely low temperatures to remove any undesirable fats, lipids, and waxes from hemp extract oils.


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